Rosacea and ocular rosacea

Did you know that the vast majority of people with rosacea face skin also have ocular rosacea? Rosacea is a common inflammatory condition of the skin and sometimes eyelids that causes redness, pimples and swelling on the face. In the presence of ocular rosacea, the eyes and eyelids are red and uncomfortable.

rosacée et rosacée oculaire

Rosacea and ocular rosacea

Millions of people around the world suffer from some form of rosacea. Rosacea is sometimes defined as “adult acne”. People with rosacea tend to blush easily and as the condition progresses, more and more persistent patches appear on the face. Over time, blood vessels are often clearly visible on the nose, cheeks, forehead and chin. This condition often makes the skin dry and rough and sometimes even swollen. In the beginning, the redness is intermittent and it is better to consult your dermatologist at the first signs of rosacea. You should also see your ophthalmologist if you suspect eye rosacea.

Causes of rosacea

The causes of rosacea are not yet well known but it seems that various environmental factors may accentuate redness such as eating spicy foods or taking alcohol. Stress, hot baths or the use of antihypertensive drugs are also aggravating factors. Exposure to the sun or extreme temperatures also favors rosacea outbreaks.

People at risk of developing rosacea

Rosacea can affect everyone and at any age. However, rosacea most often affects white-skinned people aged 30 to 60, especially those of Celtic descent or northern Europe. Women are also more often affected than men and it would seem that there would be some hereditary links.

Treatment of rosacea

It is important to consult your doctor if you think you have facial rosacea or ocular rosacea. Do not try to treat yourself without consulting your dermatologist. Some over-the-counter products could simply make your problem worse. Your doctor may prescribe medications:

  • Topical or oral antibiotics;
  • Creams containing steroids;
  • Laser treatments;
  • Green concealer makeup;
  • Proper care and cleaning of the skin;
  • Reduced sun exposure: sunscreen, shade and wide-brimmed hat.

It should be understood that rosacea (including ocular rosacea) is often chronic and evolves over time. Just like dry eye, even if it is chronic, there are excellent ways to relieve the symptoms by adopting certain habits.

Myths and realities about rosacea

  • Myths: Rosacea only strikes people with fair skin.
    • Reality: Although more common in fair-skinned people, this condition affects all skin types.
  • Myths: Rosacea sufferers drink too much alcohol.
    • Reality: Alcohol consumption is an aggravating factor, but rosacea can also be very apparent in people who do not consume alcohol at all.
  • Myths: The nose of women with rosacea grows.
    • Reality: This symptom is rare and occurs almost exclusively in men.
  • Myths: Rosacea affects only the skin.
    • Reality: In up to 50% of cases, the eyes are affected. Ocular rosacea is characterized by red, watery eyes, frequent styes, and a sensation of irritation, dryness, or foreign body in the eye.

Ocular rosacea

If your rosacea affects your eyes, it is likely that you will experience the same symptoms that describe blepharitis and meibomian gland dysfunction. The sand grain sensation in the eyes comes from the fact that your eyes are dry and poorly lubricated. The use of hot compresses, eyelid massages and eyelid hygiene is essential to help you control your symptoms.

 

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